A key lever for the operationalisation of the ECOWAS Vision 2020
1 – Background on the CDP
Mindful of the need to boost regional integration and to make a structural transformation of the economies of West Africa, the Authority of Heads of State and Government adopted the ECOWAS Vision 2020 at its 32nd Session, in June 2007 in Abuja (Nigeria). This vision aims, among others, to achieve the "ECOWAS of People" and a community where people live in dignity, peace, good governance and well integrated into the global village.
ECOWAS VISION 2020
« …Moving from an ECOWAS of States to an ECOWAS of People… »
2 – What is the CDP?
As part of the operationalisation of its Vision 2020, the ECOWAS Commission has adopted an important tool, the ECOWAS Community Development Programme (CDP), for which the formulation has involved major development actors in West Africa, namely, Intergovernmental Organizations, Member States, and Non-State Actors (Civil Society, Private Sector and Researchers).
The Authority of Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS, in its 45th Ordinary Session, held in July 2014 in Accra, Ghana, adopted by Supplementary Act (A/ SA.04 /07/14), the ECOWAS Community Development Programme as a key tool to operationalize the Vision 2020 of ECOWAS.
The ECOWAS CDP is a concrete response to the various challenges of the region and provides a coherent framework of reference for development and regional integration initiatives, in coordination with the Regional Economic Programme of UEMOA (PER), the Regional Indicative Programme (RIP), the ECOWAS Sahel strategy, the Economic Partnership Agreements Programme for Development (EPADP) and the Agenda 2063 of the African Union.
3 – What are the objectives of the CDP?
The main objective of the CDP is to contribute to building a competitive regional economic union, sustainable and secured, with an increased participation of West African population in the regional integration process. Thus, the CDP contributes to the development of the 16th economy of ECOWAS Region, in addition to the 15 national economies of Member States.
- Contribute to creating a competitive regional economic union, sustainable and secured, with national economies fully integrated at regional level and to the global economy;
- Establish a conducive business environment, within the context of good governance, rule of law, peace and security;
- Promote strong economic growth, job creation and sustainable development within the ECOWAS Region;
- Ensure an effective participation and ownership of the West African population to the regional integration process.
4 – What are the Intervention Areas of the CDP?
Following a diagnostic analysis of development trend in the ECOWAS Region, the CDP was developed around four (4) priority areas, which represent the level of response to be provided to the five (5) major challenges identified in the region: (i) issue of governance, (ii) low level of intra-regional trade; (iii) challenges of competitiveness, (iv) low coherence of programmes; and (v) challenge of long-term planning.
The four (4) priority areas of the programme are further developed into twelve (12) Strategic Objectives or intervention areas, which take into account the key development sectors of the region.
| Priority Area (PA)
||Strategic Objectives (SO)
|Priority Area 1 (PA1): Integration of people, governance and human development
||SO1: Governance and Peace & Security
|SO2: Integration of people
|SO3: Human Development
|Priority Area 2 (PA2): Deepening of economic integration
||SO4: Development of Trade
|SO5 & SO6: Monetary and financial integration
|Priority Area 3 (PA3): Infrastructure development and wealth creation
||SO7: (a) Interconnection of Transport infrastructure; (b) Interconnection of ICTs; (c) Interconnection of Energy and Hydraulic Infrastructure
|SO8: Agricultural Development
|SO 9: Industrial Development
|SO10: Research –Development and Innovation
|SO11: Climate Change Adaptation
|Priority Area 4 (PA 4): Cooperation and financing
||SO12: Cooperation, Partnership, Resource Mobilization, Implementation and Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E)
5 – Institutional Framework of the CDP
The organizational framework of the ECOWAS CDP includes: (i) Decision-making body of the CDP, (ii) Steering Body, (iii) Advisory body, (iv) Coordinating Committee of Technical and Financial Partners, and Donors, (v) Implementation, Coordination and monitoring Body of the CDP.
For the implementation of the CDP, partnership agreements are envisaged between the ECOWAS Commission and the various stakeholders promoting the projects.